Monthly Archives July 2016

Ultrasound investigations

Ultrasound investigation is increasingly used to diagnose chest and stomach illnesses. Ultrasound investigation is most commonly used to examine the uterus, bladder and kidneys. Ultrasound is also very well applicable to diagnose illnesses of the spleen, liver and the intestine. At our clinic we also do PKD (polycystic kidney disease) investigations on cats. Heart ultrasound investigations are a very important procedure to help diagnose heart disease in cats and dogs. Ultrasound is often used to determine if a dog is pregnant. Ultrasound examinations can further clarify findings which came to light in an X-ray. Accumulation of fluid in the thoracic
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Internal disease investigation

Internal disease investigations are carried out for patients who have symptoms of illness in the respiratory, digestive, or urinary tract, or in the endocrine system. The examination begins with a careful evaluation of the symptoms and preliminary knowledge. A thorough general examination of the patient is carried out: temperature is taken, the mucosa is checked, the lymph nodes and stomach are handled, and heart and lungs listened to. On the basis of the symptoms and findings the need for further investigation is defined. Blood tests are almost always done. The laboratory does a basic blood count and measures the internal
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Special diet foods for dogs and cats

Special diet foods have been developed for the care of different illnesses, and they are sold only due to veterinarians orders at animal clinics. On the Finnish market, at the moment, you can find special foods from various manufacturers for the care of the following illnesses: Overweight The fat and energy content of these foods has been diminished and fibre has been added, the objective being to reduce calorie intake and with the indigestible fibre increase the mass of the food in order to moderate sensations of hunger. Once the ideal weight has been attained, it is possible to continue
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Euthanasia

When having and caring for a pet there sometimes is a need to face a situation where a decision has to be made about letting the pet go. The decision about putting the pet to sleep is made by the owner and the veterinarian together. The final decision belongs to the owner, unless it is clearly a case of animal protection. A decision about euthanasia will have to be taken when the pet is seriously ill and there is scant hope of recovery, or if the nature of the illness is such that it causes the animal great suffering. Sometimes
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Endoscopy

Internal visual examination (endoscopy) Internal visual examinations of cats and dogs are always carried out with the patient under narcosis. This is why the preparation for it has to be as for any narcosis, namely with a 12-hour fast. Other instructions may be given to specific patients, for instance concerning ingestion of liquids or evacuation of excretion. Before the examination, the necessary basic tests will be carried out: blood tests and X-rays will always be taken. Patients with stomach symptoms will usually respond to a diet, and it is worth trying changes before the internal examination.  For some patients, a
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Eye investigations and official eye examinations

At our clinic we investigate eye injuries and diseases of dogs, cats and exotic animals. Official eye inspections are performed on breeding animals. Eye disease often requires immediate care, and we do not like to give an opinion over the telephone. Eye patient examinations take place in normal light as well as in a dark eye investigation room. Routine investigations include examination of the eyelids and the front part of the eye (cornea, haw (nictitating membrane), anterior chamber and the iris) with a slit lamp, that is, a bio microscope. Eye pressure measurement is done with a so-called Tono-Pen meter.
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Post-op room

After the care and examinations which require different surgical procedures, sedation or narcosis, the patient will remain in the post-op room of the clinic for as long as necessary. In this care department we have nine places, of different sizes, for patients. We also have a so-called bunk bed for cats, where there is place for several cats or small dogs. If the patients’ illness is such that it requires medication staff to be continuously ready to act, the patient will be kept under observation and care in the recovery room during the whole day. Like this our recovery room
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Surgical procedures Hysterectomy being performed on a dog

At our clinic we perform over 700 small animal surgeries annually. Surgical interventions take place daily. Various wounds and damage, accidents, Caesarean sections and on the other hand castrations and hysterectomies, and benign or malignant tumours are the most common causes which lead to surgical intervention. Different types of loose/free bodies resulting from growth problems and ligament injuries are operated on every week.. Fracture patients always come in during the autumn, the darkest time of the year, as a result of accidents. In the summer when family activities increase, dogs and cats are exposed to situations such as being underfoot,
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Sedating and anesthetizing the animal patient

Some of the investigations, tests, sampling, or care procedures may require sedation. Other animal patients may be so afraid or aggressive that sedation becomes a necessity to make the patient feel relief and so that the procedure is successful. Nowadays there are many different types of sedatives. Often the sedative used can be reversed after the care /investigation and your pet can walk out of the clinic on its own feet. If the sedative is not reversed you must let the patient wake up peacefully at home or at the clinic. The recovery period is according to the individual, but
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Scheduled vaccinations

New-born kittens and puppies receive from their mothers and from mothers’ milk protection against many infectious diseases. However, during the first weeks of life this protection weakens and the pups have to receive their own protective vaccines in order to avoid serious virus-based infectious diseases sometimes rampant in Finland. At the moment of vaccination the pup has to be healthy and dewormed, if in connection with evicting parasites you suspect that your puppy may have had a lot of worms, repeat the deworming according to the instructions of the anthelmintic (worm medicine) you are using and only then book time
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